阿里“四术”——中层管理者培养法则

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里把中层管理者视为企业的腰部,挺直了,头才能灵活,那阿里是怎么培养中层管理者的呢:,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; max-width: 100%; color: rgb(0,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">赋能之术、修炼之术、辅导之术、管理之术!

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">一起来了解一下吧~~


,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); font-size: 14px;">“管理者不同于技术和资本,不可能依赖进口。”

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); font-size: 14px;">管理者只能培养。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">从管理的角度来说,,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“高层管理者,533333澳门巴黎人手机,正确地做事;执行层人员,把事做正,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); font-size: 14px;">确”。
中层管理者作为企业的枢纽,不仅承担着绩效实现与决策执行的重任,还要做好基层管理者和高层之间的沟通工作,既要承上启下,又要独当一面。
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">腰部管理者

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">阿里的中级管理者分为叫腰部管理者,,,因为要挺直了,头才能灵活。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,已经有一定的管理经验,要求管理者从带一个小团队到带多个团队,从原来的执行到资源整合协调。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">, Helvetica,,, "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">什么才是好的中层管理者?阿里定义出了中层管理者的能力模型:,, "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; color: rgb(0,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">快速应变、迭代创新、群策群力、协作共赢、把握关键。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,精英们往往具备超强的目标感和自制力。他们善于做长远的规划,明确自己前进的方向和所需的动力。同时,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里如何帮助中层管理者用正确的思维和方式把事情做正确?

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里定期开设培训课程培养管理者的思维和领导力,甚至自主研发了课程来培养管理者的心力,还会通过,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“一带一”的方式来培养管理者,甚至采用,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">轮岗的方式,锻炼中层管理者的管理和协调能力,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里实行533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">“外招内养相结合,同时侧重于内部培养”的策略。阿里巴巴集团学习、培训体系的特点是:知识都是有情境的,,,阿里巴巴的培训的内容无论是专业或是管理,无论是技巧、工具或是理念、文化,都已浸透阿里巴巴集团业务场景和组织历史。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里开设了,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“侠客行”课程,,分别以业务线和层级进阶推进管理学习的覆盖,培养了近百名内部管理者讲师。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">根据阿里巴巴集团,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“管理能力图谱”,自主研发了管理者的进阶课程体系,辅以部分引进课程;通过,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“课上真实案例演练+课后真实作业练习+课后管理沙龙”的不间断学习方式,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,输出完整的领导力提升方法论和应用技巧;并在侠客行,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“管理沙龙”形成良师益友之间共同的语言、心力和能量场,,,,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“益友”是指同期管理者。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); font-size: 16px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">3A计划&“阿里夜校”

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">3A计划是阿里巴巴公司提供给管理人员的特色学习构架,是管理人员的必修课。3A计划是指:

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里巴巴公司还有专门针对不同对象,研发了用以强化学习的“阿里党校”和“阿里夜校”。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“阿里党校”是为公司总监级别以上的管理者所专门开设的额外的强化学习和提升,其关注的重点不再是日常管理,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,不断改造、不断学习、不断创新,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);"> “阿里夜校”所要强化的对象则是公司年轻的中基层管理人员,,,但是最终必须修完所有的科目。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">阿里巴巴建立的干部内养制度有针对性地提升各职级员工能力,使阿里巴巴公司在激烈的市场竞争中脱颖而出。

,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">工作坊的实操课程

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里会通过工作坊的形式给中层管理者们上一些实践性比较强的课程。比如,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">帮助管理者全面分析和掌握团队现状的工具六个盒子,,,,并对一些热点的管理话题和文化现象进行讨论。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">其中,,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">六个盒子,也叫韦斯伯德的六盒模型,,六个盒子跑一遍。”六个盒子可以帮助中级管理者“盘点现状”、“打开未来”,,,帮助建立业务团队的组织大图起到了全面了解自已的关键作用。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">而共创会和通混晒是指,面对具体业务场景的时候,通常以会议的方式达到共创的效果,就是为大家搭建一个“场域”出来,,,怎么去; 在明确方向后通过“通混晒”确保目标清晰、一致的传递到各个层面,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">除了这些培训外,,,是为全体阿里人提供内部学习和交流平台。在这里,所有阿里人可以自由报名参加线下培训;查阅过往学习沉淀的视频、文档;可以创建学习计划,监测管理学习的进度;通过即时问答系统得到答疑解惑。
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里巴巴要求中层的管理者具备三项最核心能力:,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“眼界”、“胸怀”、“心力”。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,阿里巴巴开发出腰部力量提升项目,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“揪头发”、“照镜子”、“闻味道”,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“揪头发”
通过“揪头发”锻炼一个管理者的“眼界”,培养向上思考、全面思考和系统思考的能力,杜绝“屁股决定脑袋”和“小团队”,从更大的范围和更长的时间来考虑组织中发生的问题。

,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">“照镜子”
533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">通过“闻味道”修行一个人的“心力”,任何团队的氛围,,就是一个团队的空气,无形无影但无时无刻不在影响每一个人思考和做事的方式,尤其影响团队内部的协作以及跨团队之间的协作。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">管理者的三板斧,力在塑造一个内心强大的,,,使命驱动的优秀中层管理者,通过组织和平台的力量,,并在管理者成长中,真正促进整个组织的成长。
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">管理者是建立组织的火种,,,组织才能保持强大的战斗力,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,采用了“,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">一带一”的方式去培养经理人,,,英特尔公司曾经的CEO格鲁夫曾说,,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">任何管理者的那部分关键工作就是为继任者铺路,而英特尔公司对人才的最高要求并不是经验,而是学习的能力。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里巴巴集团除了一如既往的提升和引进外部人才之外,还大力推进走出去的,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">人才战略部署,同时加强各关键部门的人才储备。不仅马云在培养接班人,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">通过让各级岗位管理者“,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">一对一”地培养接班人,,,不再出现各事业群争抢人才资源的窘迫局面。各个岗位都有足够强大的替补队员来填补原领导离任后的空白。就算老功臣离开了,新干部也能继续保持部门团队的高效率,不至于造成业绩下滑。
 

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">,533333澳门巴黎人官网,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">中高层管理者最容易出现的问题有本位主义——屁股决定脑袋,其次是急功近利——捡了芝麻丢了西瓜,短期目标与长期目标的平衡,,,,至少要有开阔的眼界、宽广的胸怀。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里的管理方法有一个,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);"> “向下看两层”和“向上看两级”。“向下看两级”要看直接下属和再往下一层的下属,让下面的两层都可以直接听到你的声音,减少沟通环节在关键业务信息传递过程的衰减。通过这个方式,,解决协同的问题。

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center;">

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255); box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">“向上看两级”把自己拔高到上一级和上级的上级的位子考虑问题,,,最好就把你的位置移到VP(副总裁)层次上。更高级别管理者的参与支持与资源支持,上级一定是最重要的资源,好的上级不是来对下属指手画脚的,而是当下属需要的时候可以大力支持,画龙点睛的。你想,假如我是这个VP,我该怎么做?你这时会发现一切豁然开朗!

,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">阿里通过赋能、引导、教练的方式,帮助中层管理者快速成长。


,, "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; line-height: 2em; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">,,533333澳门巴黎人官网, 255);">,, "Microsoft YaHei", Arial,,

,, "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; line-height: 27.2px; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">来源丨HR实名俱乐部

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